Welcome to Blackhorse Primary School's Literacy Zone where you can explore fun and exciting new ways to learn.
Letters and Sounds Resources
Letters and sounds is a resource we use in school to support the systematic teaching of phonics.
The programme is split into 6 Phases. Your child's class teacher will keep you informed of the phase your child is working at.
Below you will find a selection of 'Flash Cards', record sheets and reading lists to help you support your child at home.
Anything BLUE is a download. All files are PDF's that can easily be saved to your computer and printed. These materials have all been produced by the school as we cannot upload published materials to the website for copyright reasons.
If you require any additional support or advice, please come into school and speak with your child's class teacher or our Literacy Leader, Miss Baker.
Phase 1 is all about listening to sounds and learning to discriminate between different sounds. This is about sounds in everyday life, not just about sounds in speech. Phase 1 lays the essential foundations for all the teaching that follows. If children can't hear sounds and differentiate between them then they will struggle to understand that words are 'built up' of different sounds and that each sound is represented by a different letter or group of letters (a grapheme).
Letters are not introduced until Phase 2. If you have a pre-school child or a child early in Reception you will find these activities particularly useful. If your child is a little older but struggles to 'hear the separate sounds' in words then you might find it useful to return to some of these activities.
Click the icon to play some 'sound games'
(link to 'Letters & Sounds' website)
In Phase 2 children are introduced to 19 letters grouped into 5 sets. One set will generally be taught in one week.
|Set 1:||s / a / t / p|
|Set 2:||i / n / m / d|
|Set 3:||g / o / c / k|
|Set 4:||ck / e / u / r|
|Set 5:||h / b / f, ff / l, ll / ss|
Children are encouraged to begin blending the letters into words straight away. Therefore, having been taught only Set 1, children can make (and read) 'at' / 'sat' / 'pat' / 'tap' etc.
A magnetic board and set of letters is a really useful resource. However, post-it notes or scraps of paper with letters drawn on them can do the job just as well.
Nonsense words, such as 'tas' (using just Set 1) are also acceptable as they allow children to explore sounds freely. Misspelt words (that are phonetically plausible) are also allowable e.g. 'pas' (with Set 1), although, in time you would want to point out the correct spelling: 'pass'.
As children learn all the sets in Phase 2, they will be able to make (and read) an ever growing number of words. The 'Reading Word List' below for Phase 2 shows some of the many words that can be made as each set is taught.
Double consonants are taught early - ff / ll / ss - to show children that sometimes more than one letter represents a single sound. In the case of these letters, it is the same sound as the single letter represents. In Phase 3 children learn that this is not always the case.
The grapheme 'ck' is taught at this stage as it features in many of the early words children learn e.g. back / neck / sack.
Use this sheet to keep track of the letters your child recognises
Use these to check your child's ability to recognise the Phase 2 letters & graphemes
Lists of words that can be made exclusively with each subsequent set of letters taught in Phase 2
Captions for your child to practise reading.
These are separated into 'decodable' and 'tricky'.
Decodable words can be 'sounded out' using phonic knowledge already taught.
Tricky words need to be learnt by 'sight'.
High Frequency Word Record Sheet (first 100)
Use this to keep track of the High Frequency Words you child can read and spell. This sheet lists words that will be covered in Phase 1 to 5 (focus on Phase 2 at this stage).
In this phase a further 25 letters & graphemes are taught. The final two sets of letters are taught first.
|Set 6:||j / v / w / x|
|Set 7:||y / z, zz / qu|
Once Set 6 & 7 have been taught children then learn about graphemes where more than one letter represents a single unit of sound.
|ch (as in chip)||ar (as in farm)|
|sh (as in shop)||or (as in for)|
|th (as in thin)*||ur (as in hurt)|
|th (as in then)*||ow (as in cow)|
|ng (as in ring)||oi (as in coin)|
|ai (as in rain)||ear (as in dear)|
|ee (as in feet)||air (as in fair)|
|igh (as in night)||ure (as in sure)|
|oo (as in book)**||er (as in her)|
|oo (as in boot)**|
* The grapheme 'th' represents more than one sound. You may need to listen closely to hear the difference.
** The grapheme 'oo' also represents more than one sound.
Click on each grapheme to download a set of flash cards with words containing this grapheme. The words are mostly single syllable as they are made up of the letters and graphemes already taught.
Use this sheet to keep track of the letters & graphemes your child recognises
Use these to check your child's ability to recognise Phase 3 letters & graphemes
Lists of words containing the Phase 3 graphemes
Captions and sentences for your child to practise reading (instructions attached).
Sentences to read and then change (instructions attached).
Questions to read and answer (instructions attached)
Use these in conjunction with the 'Record Sheet' downloaded in Phase 2