Literacy

Welcome to Blackhorse Primary School's Literacy Zone where you can explore fun and exciting new ways to learn.


Letters and Sounds Resources

Letters and sounds is a resource we use in school to support the systematic teaching of phonics.

The programme is split into 6 Phases. Your child's class teacher will keep you informed of the phase your child is working at.

Below you will find a selection of 'Flash Cards', record sheets and reading lists to help you support your child at home.

Anything BLUE is a download. All files are PDF's that can easily be saved to your computer and printed. These materials have all been produced by the school as we cannot upload published materials to the website for copyright reasons.

If you require any additional support or advice, please come into school and speak with your child's class teacher or our Literacy Leader, Miss Baker.


Phase 1

Phase 1 is all about listening to sounds and learning to discriminate between different sounds. This is about sounds in everyday life, not just about sounds in speech. Phase 1 lays the essential foundations for all the teaching that follows. If children can't hear sounds and differentiate between them then they will struggle to understand that words are 'built up' of different sounds and that each sound is represented by a different letter or group of letters (a grapheme).

Letters are not introduced until Phase 2. If you have a pre-school child or a child early in Reception you will find these activities particularly useful. If your child is a little older but struggles to 'hear the separate sounds' in words then you might find it useful to return to some of these activities.

Click the icon to play some 'sound games'

(link to 'Letters & Sounds' website)


Phase 2

In Phase 2 children are introduced to 19 letters grouped into 5 sets. One set will generally be taught in one week.

Set 1:  s / a / t / p
Set 2:i / n / m / d
Set 3:g / o / c / k
Set 4:ck / e / u / r
Set 5:h / b / f, ff / l, ll / ss

Children are encouraged to begin blending the letters into words straight away. Therefore, having been taught only Set 1, children can make (and read) 'at' / 'sat' / 'pat' / 'tap' etc.

A magnetic board and set of letters is a really useful resource. However, post-it notes or scraps of paper with letters drawn on them can do the job just as well.

Nonsense words, such as 'tas' (using just Set 1) are also acceptable as they allow children to explore sounds freely. Misspelt words (that are phonetically plausible) are also allowable e.g. 'pas' (with Set 1), although, in time you would want to point out the correct spelling: 'pass'.

As children learn all the sets in Phase 2, they will be able to make (and read) an ever growing number of words. The 'Reading Word List' below for Phase 2 shows some of the many words that can be made as each set is taught.

Double consonants are taught early - ff / ll / ss - to show children that sometimes more than one letter represents a single sound. In the case of these letters, it is the same sound as the single letter represents. In Phase 3 children learn that this is not always the case.

The grapheme 'ck' is taught at this stage as it features in many of the early words children learn e.g. back / neck / sack.

Phase 2 Individual Record Sheet

Use this sheet to keep track of the letters your child recognises

Phase 2 Grapheme Flash Cards

Use these to check your child's ability to recognise the Phase 2 letters & graphemes

Phase 2 Reading Word Lists

Lists of words that can be made exclusively with each subsequent set of letters taught in Phase 2

Phase 2 Captions

Captions for your child to practise reading.

Phase 2 High Frequency Words - Flash Cards

These are separated into 'decodable' and 'tricky'.

Decodable words can be 'sounded out' using phonic  knowledge already taught.

Tricky words need to be learnt by 'sight'.

High Frequency Word Record Sheet (first 100)

Use this to keep track of the High Frequency Words you child can read and spell. This sheet lists words that will be covered in Phase 1 to 5 (focus on Phase 2 at this stage).


Phase 3

In this phase a further 25 letters & graphemes are taught. The final two sets of letters are taught first.

Set 6:j / v / w / x
Set 7:  y / z, zz / qu

Once Set 6 & 7 have been taught children then learn about graphemes where more than one letter represents a single unit of sound.

ch (as in chip)ar (as in farm)
sh (as in shop)or (as in for)
th (as in thin)*ur (as in hurt)
th (as in then)*ow (as in cow)
ng (as in ring)oi (as in coin)
ai (as in rain)ear (as in dear)
ee (as in feet)air (as in fair)
igh (as in night)ure (as in sure)
oo (as in book)**  er (as in her)
oo (as in boot)** 

* The grapheme 'th' represents more than one sound. You may need to listen closely to hear the difference.

** The grapheme 'oo' also represents more than one sound.

Click on each grapheme to download a set of flash cards with words containing this grapheme. The words are mostly single syllable as they are made up of the letters and graphemes already taught.

 

Phase 3 Individual Record Sheet

Use this sheet to keep track of the letters & graphemes your child recognises

Phase 3 Grapheme Flash Cards

Use these to check your child's ability to recognise Phase 3 letters & graphemes

Phase 3 Reading Word Lists

Lists of words containing the Phase 3 graphemes

Phase 3 Captions and Sentences

Captions and sentences for your child to practise reading (instructions attached).

Phase 3 Sentence Substitution

Sentences to read and then change (instructions attached).

Phase 3 Yes/No Questions

Questions to read and answer (instructions attached)

Phase 3 High Frequency Words - Flash Cards

 Use these in conjunction with the 'Record Sheet' downloaded in Phase 2


Phase 4

In Phase 4 children learn to further manipulate the letters and graphemes they have been taught in Phases 2 & 3. Up to this point the majority of words presented have been monosyllabic (words with just one syllable). Phase 4 introduces more polysyllabic words.

In this Phase words are often described in relation to how many vowels and consonants they contain:

The word 'cod' is a CVC word (consonant / vowel / consonant). Other CVC examples are; sad, net & him.

The word 'crab' is a CCVC word (consonant / consonant / vowel / consonant). Other examples are; trim, flat & step.

The word 'help' is a CVCC word (consonant / vowel / consonant / consonant). Other examples are; fist, mend & test.

As children progress through Phase 4 they become increasingly confident in reading and spelling words with greater numbers of letters and graphemes.

Phase 4 Reading Word Lists

Lists of words that can be made using the letters and graphemes taught in Phase 2 & 3. These words are more complex than those in the Phase 2 & 3 lists.

Phase 4 Sentences

sentences for your child to practise reading (instructions attached).

Phase 4 Sentence Substitution

Sentences to read and then change (instructions attached).

Phase 4 Yes / No Questions

Questions to read and answer (instructions attached).

Phase 4 High Frequency Words - Flash Cards

Use these in conjunction with the Record Sheet downloaded in Phase 2.

Phase 4 CVCC Powerpoint

Flash through the powerpoint and ask your child to read each word.


Phase 5

In Phase 5 children are introduced to new graphemes for Reading. Some of these graphemes represent phonemes (sounds) that they have already learnt a grapheme for. For example, in Phase 2 children were taught 'ai' as the grapheme for the phoneme /a/ (as in rain). In Phase 5, children are taught that the phoneme /a/ can also be represented by the graphemes 'ay' (as in 'play') or 'a-e' (as in 'make'). This 'variation' needs to be taught as it is common in our langauge system.

New graphemes taught in Phase 5:

a-e (as in came)ir (as in girl)
au (as in Paul)o-e (as in bone)
aw (as in saw)oe (as in toe)
ay (as in day)ou (as in out)
e-e (as in these)oy (as in boy)
ea (as in sea)ph (as in phonics)
ew (as in chew)**u-e (as in June)***
ew (as in stew)**u-e (as in huge)***
ey (as in money)ue (as in clue) ****
i-e (as in like)ue (as in due)****
ie (as in pie)wh (as in when)

 * / ** / *** / **** / ***** These graphemes can all respresent more than one sound. Often the differences are quite subtle but they are there.

Phase 5 Reading Word Lists

Lists of words that can be made using the graphemes taught in Phase 5.

Phase 5 Sentence Substitution

Sentences to read and then change (instructions attached).

Phase 5 Sentence Substitution (new and old)

Sentences to read and then change (instructions attached).

Phase 5 - Yes / No Questions

Questions to read and answer (instructions attached).

Phase 5 - Choose 3 Right Answers

Read the question and choose the 3 right answers.

Phase 5 High Frequency Words - Flash Cards

Use these in conjunction with the record sheet downloaded in Phase 2. You will probably find that your child can already read many of these by the time they reach Phase 5.

 

High Frequency Words (by Phase) 

Here are all the High Frequency Words in one place.

Click each link to download a set of words to print and learn.

Words are listed as either 'decodable' or 'tricky'.

Decodable words can be 'sounded out'.

Tricky words need to be learnt by sight.

First 100 High Frequency Words (Check list)

Use this to keep a record of the words your child can read and spell.

Phase 2 High Frequency Flash Cards
Phase 3 High Frequency Flash Cards
Phase 4 High Frequency Flash Cards
Phase 5 High Frequency Flash Cards

Next 200 High Frequency Words

These are the next 200 words most commonly used in children's early speaking, reading and writing.

Use the 'flash cards' and record sheets to help your child practise these important words.

Next 200 High Frequency Words (Check Lists)

Use these two sheets to keep a record of the words

your  child can read and spell.

Next 200 High Frequency Flash Cards (1 - 100)
Next 200 High Frequency Flash Cards (101 - 200)

Reading Word Lists

The lists below contain words made up of the graphemes taught in each Phase of the Letters and Sounds programme.

Your child's teacher will let you know which phase your child is working on.

Phase 2 Reading Word Lists
Phase 3 Reading Word Lists
Phase 4 Reading Word Lists
Phase 5 Reading Word Lists

 

 

 

 Reading & Listening to Stories

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A collection of speaking books that you can listen to and read along with.

myth_400

A collection of classic Myths & Legends that you can listen to and read along with.

 

Writing & Spelling

BBC Words and Pictures - Lots of fun games to help with spelling, phonics and writing letters.

 

Key Stage 1 BBC Bitesize - Fun activities for KS1 (Years 1 & 2) children linked to phonics, spelling, rhyme and lots more.

 

Key Stage 2 BBC Bitesize English - Some challenging activities for KS2 (Years 3, 4, 5 & 6) linked to reading, writing, spelling and grammar.

 

Phonics

Visit the Literacy Games section of this site by clicking here:

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